On the Relationship of Annual Variations of the Intensity of Galactic Cosmic Rays with the Variability of Total Cloudiness, Atmospheric Precipitation and Air Temperature in Tbilisi in 1966-2015

Authors

  • Avtandil G. Amiranashvili
  • Teimuraz S. Bakradze
  • Tereza G. Erkomaishvili
  • Nugzar Ya. Ghlonti
  • Irakli I. Tuskia

Keywords:

Climate change, galactic cosmic rays, cloudiness, atmospheric precipitation, air temperature, statistical analysis

Abstract

 

The paper considers the results of the study of the connection between annual variations of intensity of galactic cosmic rays and the changeability of the total cloudiness, atmospheric precipitation and air temperature in 1966-2015 in Tbilisi. The statistical characteristics of the indicated parameters (trends, random component, linear correlations between real and random components, etc.) are studied. In particular, it was found that, within the variation range, the contribution of the studied parameters to atmospheric precipitation variability is as follows: total cloudiness - 17.1%, real values and random components of cosmic ray intensity - 37.8% and 28.0%, respectively.

References

Tavartkiladze K., Begalishvili N., Kharchilava J., Mumladze D., Amiranashvili A., Vachnadze J., Shengelia I., Amiranashvili V. Contemporary climate change in Georgia. Regime of some climate parameters and their variability. Monograph, ISBN 99928-885-4-7, Tb., 2006, 177 p., (in Georgian).

Amiranashvili A., Matcharashvili T., Chelidze T. Climate change in Georgia: Statistical and nonlinear dynamics predictions. Journ. of Georgian Geophysical Soc., Iss.(A), Physics of Solid Earth, ISSN 1512-1127, v.15A, Tb., 2011-2012, pp. 67-87.

Amiranashvili A., Kartvelishvili L., Trofimenko L., Khurodze T. Statistical Structure of Mean Annual Air Temperature in Tbilisi and St.-Petersburg in 1850-2012. Proc. of Int. Conf. “Modern Problems of Geography”, Dedicated to the 80th Anniversary Since the Fondation of Vakhushti Bagrationi Institute of Geography, Collected Papers New Series, N 5(84), ISSN 2233-3347, Tbilisi, 2013, pp. 160-163, (in Russian).

Amiranashvili A.G. Special Features of Changeability of Daily Sum of Precipitation in Tbilisi in 1957-2006. Journal of the Georgian Geophysical Society, Issue B. Physics of Atmosphere, Ocean and Space Plasma, ISSN 1512-1127, v.18B, Tbilisi, 2015, pp.81-91.

Amiranashvili A. Changeability of Air Temperature and Atmospheric Precipitations in Tbilisi for 175 Years. International Scientific Conference “Natural Disasters in Georgia: Monitoring, Prevention, Mitigation”. Proceedings, ISBN 978-9941-13-899-7, Publish House of Iv. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, December 12-14, Tbilisi, 2019, pp. 86-90.

Amiranashvili A., Amiranashvili V., Gzirishvili T., Kolesnikov Yu., Tavartkiladze K. Spatial-Temporary Variations of Total and Lower Layer Cloudiness Over the Georgian Territory. Proc.13th Int. Conf. on Clouds and Precipitation, Reno, Nevada, USA, August 14-18, v.2, 2000, pp. 1159-1162.

Amiranashvili A., Amiranashvili V., Tavartkiladze K. Influence of Cloudiness Trends on the Total Solar Radiation in Tbilisi. Proc.13th Int. Conf. on Clouds and Precipitation, Reno, Nevada, USA, August 14-18, vol. 2, 2000, pp. 876-877.

Amiranashvili A.G., Amiranashvili V.A., Tavartkiladze K.A. Influence of Cloudiness and Aerosol Pollution Trends on the Total Solar Radiation in Some Non Industrial Regions of Georgia. Proc. 14th Int. Conf. on Clouds and Precipitation, Bologna, Italy, July 18-23, 2004, pp. 3_1_217.1-3_1_217.2.

Amiranashvili A.G., Amiranashvili V.A., Gzirishvili T.G., Kharchilava J.F., Tavartkiladze K.A. Modern Climate Change in Georgia. Radiatively Active Small Atmospheric Admixtures, Institute of Geophysics, Monograph, Trans. of M. Nodia Institute of Geophysics of Georgian Acad. of Sc., ISSN 1512-1135, v. LIX, 2005, 128 p.

Amiranashvili A., Bliadze T., Chikhladze V. Photochemical smog in Tbilisi. Monograph, Trans. of Mikheil Nodia institute of Geophysics, ISSN 1512-1135, v. 63, Tb., 2012, 160 p., (in Georgian).

Amiranashvili A., Chikhladze V., Kartvelishvili L. Expected Change of Average Semi-Annual and Annual Values of Air Temperature and Precipitation in Tbilisi. Journ. of Georgian Geophysical Soc., Issue B. Physics of Atmosphere, Ocean and Space Plasma, ISSN 1512-1127, v. 13B, Tb., 2009, pp. 50 – 54.

Tavartkiladze K.A., Amiranashvili A.G. Expected Changes of the Air Temperature in Tbilisi City. Trans. of the Institute of Hydrometeorology, vol. 115, ISSN 1512-0902, Tb., 2008, pp. 57–65, (in Russian).

Amiranashvili A., Chikhladze V., Kartvelishvili L. Expected Change of Average Semi-Annual and Annual Values of Air Temperature and Precipitation in Tbilisi. Journal of the Georgian Geophysical Society, Issue B. Physics of Atmosphere, Ocean and Space Plasma, ISSN 1512-1127, vol. 13B, Tbilisi, 2009, pp. 50 – 54.

Amiranashvili A., Kartvelisjvili L., Khurodze T. Application of Some Statistic Methods for the Prognostication of Long-Term Air Temperature Changes (Tbilisi Case). Trans. of the International Scientific Conference Dedicated to the 90th Anniversary of Georgian Technical University “Basic Paradigms in Science and Technology Development for the 21th Century”, Tbilisi, Georgia, September 19-21, 2012, Part 2, ISBN 978-9941-20-098-4, Publishing House “Technical University”, 2012, pp. 331-338, (in Russian).

Amiranashvili A.G., Kartvelishvili L.G., Trofimenko L.T., Khurodze T.V. The Statistical Evaluation of the Expected Changes of Air Temperature in Tbilisi and St.-Petersburg up to 2056 Years. Trans. of the Institute of Hydrometeorology, Georgian Technical University, ISSN 1512-0902, 2013, vol. 119, pp.58-622, (in Russian).

Amiranashvili A., Chargazia Kh., Trofimenko L. Dynamics of the thirty-year moving average values of the air temperature in Tbilisi and St.-Petersburg with 1851 to 2010 and their extrapolation to 2051-2080. Int. Conf. “Applied Ecology: Problems, Innovations”, ICAE-2015. Proceedings, Tbilisi-Batumi, Georgia, ISBN 978-9941-0-7644-2, 7-10 May, 2015, Tbilisi, 2015, pp. 12-16, http://icae-2015.tsu.ge/

Carslaw K. Atmospheric physics: Cosmic rays, clouds and climate. Nature, 460, 7253, 2009, pp. 332-333.

Devendraa Siingh, Singh R. P. The role of cosmic rays in the Earth’s atmospheric processes. Pramana, Journ. of Physics, Indian Academy of Sciences, v. 74, No 1, 2010, pp. 153 - 168, http://www.ias.ac.in/ article/fulltext/pram/074/ 01/0153-0168.

Mkurnalidze I., Kapanadze N. Cosmic Rays and their Influence on the Earth's Atmosphere (Contemporary Achievements). Int. Sc. Conf. „Modern Problems of Ecology“, Proc., ISSN 1512-1976, v. 7, Tbilisi-Telavi, Georgia, 26-28 September, 2020, pp. 279-283, (in Georgian).

Amiranashvili A.G. On the Role of Cosmic and Radioactive Radiation on the Formation of the Secondary Aerosols in Atmosphere. Int. Conference “Near-Earth Astronomy 2007”, Abstract, Terskol, Russia, September 3-7, 2007, p. 85.

Amiranashvili A.G., Amiranashvili V.A., Bakradze T.S., Chikhladze V.A., Glonti N. Ya., Kharchilava J.F., Tuskia I.I On the Influence of Cosmic Rays on the Secondary Aerosols Formation in the Atmosphere. 7th Int. Conference "Problems of Geocosmos", Abstract, St. Petersburg, Russia, May 26 - 30, 2008.

Todua M., Didebulidze G. G. Cosmic factors influence on the inter-annual variations of the green 557.7 Nm line and red 630.0 Nm line nightglow intensities and their possible coupling with cloud covering at Abastumani (41.75°N, 42.82°E). Acta Geophysica, v. 62, iss. 2, 2014, pp.381-399.

Didebulidze G.G., Todua M. Investigation of presence of cosmic factors in the inter-annual distributions of cloudless days and nights in Abastumani. Sun and Geosphere, v.10, No.1, 2015, pp. 59-63.

Amiranashvili A.G., Bakradze T.S., Ghlonti N.Ya., Khurodze T.V., Tuskia I.I. On the Connection Between Annual Variations of the Intensity of Galactic Cosmic Rays and the Changeability of Cloudiness and Air Temperature in Tbilisi. Journal of the Georgian Geophysical Society, Issue B. Physics of Atmosphere, Ocean and Space Plasma, v.19B, Tbilisi, 2016, pp. 128-134.

Kobisheva N., Narovlianski G. Climatological processing of the meteorological information, Leningrad, Gidrometeoizdat, 1978, 294 p., (in Russian).

Kendall M.G. Time-series, Moscow, 1981, 200 p., (in Russian).

Downloads

Published

2021-01-04

How to Cite

G. Amiranashvili, A., S. Bakradze, T. ., G. Erkomaishvili, T. ., Ya. Ghlonti, N. ., & I. Tuskia, I. . (2021). On the Relationship of Annual Variations of the Intensity of Galactic Cosmic Rays with the Variability of Total Cloudiness, Atmospheric Precipitation and Air Temperature in Tbilisi in 1966-2015. JOURNAL OF THE GEORGIAN GEOPHYSICAL SOCIETY, 23(2). Retrieved from https://openjournals.ge/index.php/GGS/article/view/2731