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Two groups of completely different phenomena and consequences can cause natural hazards. Those are dangerous meteorological processes in the atmosphere and geological processes, which take place on the earth surface and its crust. However, in spite of very different nature and development conditions of these phenomena, there is quite often a synergetic liaison between them, which determines the level of activation/reactivation of the given phenomena.
Natural Hazards become more topical in the beginning of XXI century, as the pressure of them on human environment becomes much heavier. Background of global climate change processes immeasurably increases the risk of uncontrollable disasters.
Taking into account that the South Caucasus region and especially Georgia, belongs to the regions distinguished among the world mountainous areas by natural hazards large scale development processes, frequency recurrence, and negative impact on population and engineering/economic facilities, South Caucasus is recognized as one of the most vulnerable regions.
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