Vol. 14 (2020): XIV International Symposium Contemporary Issues of Literary Studies : The Silk Road Countries` Folklore
Plenary Session

Kazakh Folklore – a Solid Foundation and Core of Spirituality

Kenzhekhan Matyzhanov
Institute of Literature and Art named after M.O. Auezov of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Published 2020-10-20


  • National Culture,
  • Kazakh Foklore,
  • Oral Folk Poetry,
  • Memory


The study of the artistic world of folk art, the parameters of its poetic world is one of the key problems facing modern Kazakh folklore studies. The systematic collection, primary systematization, analysis and publication of Kazakh folklore in the second half of the 19th century was carried out by Russian scientists and representatives of the Kazakh intelligentsia. The works of outstanding representatives of Alash – Akhmet Baitursynov, Khalel Dosmukhamedov, who came to science at the beginning of the twentieth century, raised Kazakh folklore studies to a new level of development. The scientific works of Mukhtar Auezov and Saken Seifullin played an important role in the formation of the national science of folklore.

Oral folk poetry, accumulating historical memory, a system of ideological principles, moral and aesthetic values of the ethnos, is a treasure house, thanks to which all the richness and brightness of national traditions and customs have survived to this day. Family-ritual folklore is one of the branches of the mighty tree of oral folk poetry, and its origins go back to ancient times. Some samples are reflected in the ancient Turkic written monuments. The oldest surviving texts of family ritual folklore are saturated with ethnographic realities, which stems from the close connection between folklore and everyday life. «The connection of folklore with everyday life is special» (V.P. Anikin).

Folklore is an irreplaceable and inexhaustible source of people’s spirituality, feeding all the spectra of modern national culture.