Vol. 14 (2020): XIV International Symposium Contemporary Issues of Literary Studies : The Silk Road Countries` Folklore
History and Collective Memory

Curses in Armenian Fairy Tales

Lusine Tovmasyan
Armenia State University

Published 2020-10-20


  • Fairy-Tale,
  • Curse,
  • Folklore,
  • Semantics,
  • Significance


Fairy tales have a common set of peculiarities and structures. A range of phrases expressing blessing and curse, oath and perjury, protection and betrayal creates unique magical world of the fairy tales. The aim of our article is to introduce semantics and significance of curses in Armenian fairy tales. Curse is a notable object of study in folklore. It can be defined as a wish that some form of misfortune will befall or attach to someone or something. Its origin goes back to the times of the creation the world by God. Armenian folklore is highly rich. It is based on ancient myths about the origin of the gods dated Hellenistic era. Basic themes of Armenian fairy tale curses are: turning into something (animal, plant, natural phenomenon), turning into someone (witch, hag), losing something or someone (a precious thing, a loved one, a closed relative), performing unpleasant actions and others.