Vol. 14 (2020): XIV International Symposium Contemporary Issues of Literary Studies : The Silk Road Countries` Folklore
Myth, Ritual and Symbol in Folklore and Literature

The Mythologema of the Horse in Oral and Archaic Thought

Eka Chkheidze
Shota Rustaveli Institute of Georgian Literature

Published 2020-10-20


  • Mythology,
  • Transformation,
  • International Motif,
  • Horse


The horse is known in Indo-European mythology as the animal of the sun god. One of Poseidon’s title is “The Horse Tamer”– Domaios. He is also credited with his relationship with the goddess of land and fertility, Demetra,– in the form of a horse. In Indian Vedas, even the sun itself is referred to as a horse. There is also a hymn to the sun as a heavenly horse. Helios (Sun) travels daily from east to west in a chariot with four horses. The scientific literature states that one of the four horses in the solar chariot is an eos. In Greek mythology, Eos lives on the east side of the ocean. In the morning he rushes in a two-wheeled cart to inform us of the arrival of his brother, Helios