The Role of the United Nations in Creation of International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

Authors

  • Bakar Matsaberidze Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University ; East European University

Keywords:

Genocide, Security Council, Conflict

Abstract

On November 8, 1994 International Criminal tribunal for Rwanda was established by United Nations Security Council. The occurrence was in response to genocide, mass human rights and other serious violations of International Humanitarian Law caused by the new wave of civil confrontation that had occurred in Rwanda since April 6, 1994. Establishing International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda was a matter of great importance and a turning point on the way of historical development of permanent International Criminal Court and modern International criminal law. Despite the establishment of the Tribunal, all the measures having been taken in response to the current events in Rwanda, still remain the subject to criticism of international community and mostly, United Nations Organization. The abovementioned work is dedicated to analysis of the issues concerning the foundation of ICTR (International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda) by United Nations Security Council.
The present article refers to the period from April 6, 1994 to November 8, 1994, analyzing on the one hand, the activities concerning the establishment of International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda by different organs of United Nations Organization, on the other hand, the article tells about the activities by United Nations Organization in relation to the current events in Rwanda.

Published

2020-12-20