Author Guidelines

Submissions

Submission Preparation Procedures

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published in another publication;
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word document and PDF file format;
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided;
  • The text is single-spaced; uses an 11-point font-Sylfaen (for Georgian text) and Times New Roman (for English text), all illustrations (figures, tables, drawings, graphs) are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end unlike attachments, that should be placed after references;
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

GENERALITIES

  • The Journal will be published once per year. Please note that the editorial board reserves the right to reject any article that does not meet the following guidelines. Before publishing, the articles will be sent to Antiplagiarism Program and since than is sent to independent, anonymous reviewers to assess. Positive reviews will ensure its reliability;
  • Article publication fee is 100 GEL;
  • Fees related to the publication of scientific papers of EEU personnel and students is covered by East European university;
  • To be accepted for publication, a paper should clearly highlight the results of original research;
  • Any paper will be rejected, if it has been already, entirely or partially, published elsewhere;
  • Scientific paper’s Abstract should be done in Georgian and English languages, main body of the text should be done in Georgian or English languages (upon author’s decision);
  • The length of the papers including references and footnotes (except abstract) should not exceed 12 pages (Format-A4);
  • The text should be accompanied by an abstract first in Georgian than in English languages, minimum 150 up to 250 words, followed by maximum 5 key-words;
  • The paper must carry the full name of the author, Scientific degree, Academic rank and University affiliation;
  • Authors need to registerwith the journal prior to submitting or, if already registered, can simply login and begin the five-step process;
  • The papers should be submitted in a Word copy for Windows (doc. or .docx) and a PDF copy.

FORMATTING

  • Paper size: A4.
  • Margins: 54 cm. at each side;
  • Fonts: Sylfaen for Georgian text, Times News Roman for English text;
  • Font size of the main text: 11 pt.
  • 5 spaced between the lines;
  • 0 spaced between the lines in the tables;
  • Font size of the footnotes: 9 pt.
  • Place the footnotes at the bottom of the page, in the Arabic numerical order, font size-9 pt., 1.0 spaced between the lines;
  • Pages should be numbered in the Arabic numerical order at the right corner of the page (use the same font and font size as used for the main body);
  • Title of the scientific paper: centered, capital letters for English text, Font size – 12 pt.; Author’s name/surname (bold) should be placed at the left corner of the page, font size-12 and should be followed by scientific degree and academic rank, university affiliation (italics), Font size – 11 pt;
  • The first line of each paragraph should be indented by 5-7 positions;.
  • Abstract should not exceed one page (minimum 150 up to 250 words) and should be followed by 5 ’’keywords’’ (italics, bold), one interval after the text, font size: 11 pt;
  • Titles of subsections is written separately from the text;
  • Lists or Seriations:

 - Separate paragraphs or long sentences (such as steps in a procedure) should use numbered lists;

- Short words within a paragraph should use lowercase letters enclosed in parentheses, e.g. (a) word, (b) word, and (c) word;

- Use numbered or lettered lists;

  • Illustrations (Figures, Tables, Drawings, Graphs, Appendixes) should be JPG or PNG Format and should be followed immediately after the References sequentially labelled, e.g. Table 1; Table 2 or Figure 1, Figure 2 or Appendix A, Appendix B, etc.

- Tables – the caption is above the table.

- Figures – the caption is below the figure.

- Appendixes – Start each on a new page, after the references.

REFERENCES

 Any source cited in the body text must be listed in the References;

  • References should not be numbered. It should be placed on a new page, centered, bold, font size – 12;
  • List references in alphabetical order (first in Georgian language, then sources and e-publications in foreign languages);
  • In English texts ’’References’’ should be placed on a new page, in upper and lowercase letters centered, bold, Font size – 12;
  • Hyperlinks should be underlined;
  • No punctuation mark is needed at the end of the link.

The followings should be considered while formatting the references:

 PunctuationEach item provided in the specific source should be separated from each other by dot; as for the internal list should be separated by comma. (for instance.: Author’s last names); Colon is used between the location and the names of publications. Year of the publication and pages (if required) should be given in parentheses. When providing several authors, their surnames are separated by commas. Instead of ’’and’’ use - &;

  • If text is written in some of the European languages capital letters are used only for the first letters of words;
  • (Italics) – is used for book title and if required the volume number;
  • List of Authors – First indicate Author’s last name, then the initial. When a work has more than seven authors, you should list the first six authors, followed by the ,,and etc.’’;
  • Corporate Authors - The name of the corporation is indicated instead of the authors (capital letters are used for the first words if necessary). The principle of hierarchy must be observed: the name of the main department of the organization must precede the subdivisions;
  • Editors - If the book does not have an author, data of the editor / editors is indicated (surname, initials), which is accompanied by a note in parentheses (ed.). If the list contains information about non-authors (eg. translators), their surnames should be enclosed in parentheses and a note should be attached (translator). If used work does not have an author, nor title of the publication is known, only source title should be indicated;
  • Publication date – is placed in parentheses. It must precede the title and be followed by the author's name. If the source has neither author nor publisher, the date is indicated after the title (in this case the title is indicated in the first place). In addition to the serial number for newspapers, magazines and other periodicals, the month and number of issues shall be indicated; If such data does not exist, the word "undated" is used in parentheses;
  • Number, edition, title of pages. For periodicals (newspaper, magazine) only the publication number is indicated in italics (in Italian), separated from it by a comma usually printed page number. E.g., 38, 12-17. If the publication starts with the 1st issue of each month, after the total numbering of the publication, the brackets shall also indicate the specific issue number in italics, for example: 38 (2), 12-17. The abbreviation "p" is used only for books or newspaper articles, If necessary to avoid uncertainty;
  • Publishers and places of publication. While indicating the place of publication, city is indicated; Specify the country only if the city is not known to the general public. The word "university" is fully indicated. In the case of two publishers, the first one should be written;
  • Reviews - first place authors, then date, then title. The brackets should indicate the article [overview of the book / movie / TV show, etc.]. Provide a complete quote; If the review does not have an author, the quote should be enclosed in parentheses;
  • Government Documents – Basic Format: Corporate Author (Date of issue). Title of the Document: Document subtitle. (Document Number). Place of Publication: Department. If the author and the publisher are the same, then when referring to state documents, the author is indicated in the place of the publisher.
  • Electronic Publications
    • Do not specify page numbers;
    • In addition to the title and author, indicate the date and source of information - website.Not everyone is referring to a well-known website.For example, Wikipedia.As well as providers or libraries of well-known magazines;
    • If the electronic version is a complete copy of any publication (which is common), the publication (including pages) and the electronic version address must be indicated at the end;
    • See sample of citations below.

Citations:

Books

  • English language book by one author: Wilk, M. (1975). Every day’s a matinee. New York: W. W. Norton.
  • Georgian language book by one author: შალამბერიძე, გ. (1965). ქართული მართლწერა [k’art’uli mart’lcera/Georgian Correct Writing]. თბილისი: განათლება
  • Other language book by one author: Gardner, I. (2011). Kniga Matematiki [Math Book]. Moscow: Priroda
  • Book by two authors: Duncan, D., & Burns, K, (1997). Lewis & Clark. New York: Alfred Knopf.
  • Book by three authors: Alder, R W, Finn, T., Bradley, M. A., & Li, A. W. (1971). Mechanisms in organic chemistry. New York: John Wiley.
  • Book by six or more then six authors: Johnson, L., Lewis, K., Peters, M., Harris, Y., Moreton, G., Morgan, B. et al. (2005). How far Is far? London: McMillan.
  • Book with a title, where second title is indicated: Tanner, J. (1992). Anxiety in Eden: A Kieikegaaidian reading of radise Lost. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Re-published book: Turabian, K. L. (1996). A manual /or writers ol term papers, fheses, and disserfafions. (6th ed.). Chicago: University oi Chicago Press.
  • Book by group of authors: United Nations, Public Administration Division, (1968). Local government training. New York: Author.
  • Book by reference to voulmes: Bartram, H. C. (1959). The cavalcade of America (Vols. 1-2). New York: Alfred Kbopf.
  • Book published by the editor: Deelz, J, (Ed,). (1971). Man’s imprint Irom the past: Headings of the methods of archaeology. Boston: Little, Brown
  • Book published by author and editor: Melville, H. (1971). The confide (Original work published 1857). New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Translation: Beauvoir, S. de. (1974). All said and done (P. O’Brian, Trans.). New York: G. P. Putnarn. (Original work published 1972)
  • Essay or chapter from the collection of papaers: Woolf, V (1925). The lives of ihe obscure. (pp. 111-118). New York: Harcourt Brace.
  • Article from anthology: Angell, R. (1981). On the ball. In P. Eschholz & A. Rosa (Eds.]. Subject and strategy (pp. 34-11). New York: Si, Martin’s Press.

Periodicals

 Article from the scientific journal, pages of which are numbered by volume: Pfennig, D. (1997). Kinship and cannibalism. Bioscfence, 47,667-675

  • Article from the scientific journal, pages of which is numbered by publication: Block, J. W. (1976). Sodom and Gomorrah: A volcanic disaster. Journal of Geological Education, 23(5), 74-77.
  • Article in scientific journal with no author: Baby, it’s cold inside. (1997). Science, 27B, 537-538
  • Article in professional or popular journal: Gopnik, A. (1997, November 24). The good soldier. The New Yorker, 73,106-114.
  • Article in professional or popular journal with no author: Robot productivity. (1982, May). Production Engineering, 29,52-53.
  • Article in daily magazine: Wade, N. (1997). November 261. Germ weapons: Deadly but hard to use. The New York Times, pp. AM.A15.
  • Article with no author in daily magazine: The arithmetic of terrorism. (1997, November 14). The Washington Post, p. A26.
  • Article in encyclopedia: McGhee, K., & McKay, G. (2007). Insects. In Encyclopedia of Animals. (pp. 170-171) Washington, DC: National Geographic Society.

 Government Documents

 Government Document: Carpenter, R. D. (1989). Defects in hardened timber (UCLC No. 20504424). U.S. Department of Agri- culture, Forest Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

  • Government Document by the same publisher and author: Statistics Canada. Social and Aboriginal Statistics Division. (2006). Women in Canada, 2005: A gender-based statistical report. Ottawa, ON: Author

 Other types of publications

 Book review in the journal: Koenig, R. (1989, February 20). Billy the Kid [Review of the book Bitty Bathgate]. New York. 21,20-21.

  • Published Interview: Hernandez, F. (1997, March 20). A talk with Manuel Noriega. [Interview with Manuel Noriega].News Report. 15. 28-30.
  • Audiovisual Media: Whale, J. (Director). (1931). Frankenstein [Motion Picture]. United States: Universal.
  • TV and Radio Programs: Ducat, S. (Producer). (1995, January 6). Washington week in review [Television Broadcast]. Washington, DC: Public Broadcasting Service.
  • Musical and Audio recordings: Smith, B. (19971. The Essential Bessie Smith [CD]. New York: Columbia Records
  • Computer Program: Data Desk (Version 6.0} [Computer software]. (1997). Ithaca, NY: Data Description, Inc.
  • CD-ROM and other Databases: Nonnan, J. L. (1996). Barcelona. Software Toolworks Multimedia Encyclopedia [CD- ROM]. Boston: Gralier

 Internet Sources

 Books: Locks, J- (1995). An essay concerning human understanding. New York: Columbia University. (Original work published 1B90). Retrieved June 24. 2000, from htlp ://w w w. ill .colum bia.edu/projects/d igi I exts/locke/und ersta n ding/1 ille.html

  • Citation of spesific chapter from e-book: Trochim, W. M. K. Language of research. In The research methods knowledge base (Foundations sec.).Cincinnatti, OH: Atomic Dog. Retrieved September B, 2001, from htlp://www.trochim.human.cor nell.edu/kb/language.htm
  • Periodicals: Cervetti, N. (1996). In the breeches, petticoats, and pleasures of Orlando. Journal Modern Literature, 20(2].Retrieved January 8, 1998, from hi t p ://w ww. indiana.edu/- iupress/journals/modart2.hlml
  • Periodicals that have been verified through the electronic library or any other wide network: Riernetson, L. (2000, March 27). A ticket to private school. Newsweek. Retrieved May 5, 2000, irom Fer- ris State University Library Web Database Access (Lexis-Nexis)
  • Article in the electronic encyclopedia: Daniel, R. T. (1995). The history of western music. In Brifannica Online: Macropaedia. Retrieved June 14, 1995, from http://www.eb.com: 180/cgi-bta/g:DocF- macio/5004/45/0.html
  • Government Documents: FDA Prescription Drug Advertising Rule, 21 C.F.R. N 202.1 (2006).
  • Magazines, List servers, Electronic correspondence: Trehub, A. (2002. January 28). The conscious access hypothesis [Msg. 18]. Message posted to University oi Houston Psyche Discussion Forum: http://listserv,uh.edu/cgibin/wa?A2=ind0201&L- psyche- b8tF-&S-&P-2334

 In-text Citation

 One author

- (Jones, 2010, p. 456).

- Jones (2010) noted “…” (p. 456).

Two authors

- (Smith & Jones, 2009, para. 7).

- Smith and Jones, (2009) acknowledged “…” (para.7).

Three authors to five authors

- (Smith, Jones, & Brown, 2009, Section Company History), for the first time, the source is cited. After that, for that source, use (Smith et al., 2009, section Company History). - Smith, Jones, and Brown (2009) maintained”…” (p. 16). The next time that source is used it would be, Smith et al. (2009) writes “…” (p. 16).

Six or more authors

- Logan, L., Harley, W. B., Pastor, J., Wing, L. S., Glasman, N., Hanson, L., . . . Hegedahl, P. (1996). Observations on the state of empowerment in today’s organization. Empowerment in Organizations, 4(1), 6–11. https://doi.org/10.1108/09684899610111025

No author

  • (,,Emergency“, 1998).

Corporate author

  • (Lawrence North High School, 2000, p. 5)