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The Dokdo problem has long plagued both Koreas and is trying to solve the problem through negotiations, roundtables or scientifi c conferences.
Despite South and North Korea’s unequivocal position on the Dokdo issue, there are large states with their own interests in the region (because the Dokdo problem goes beyond Korean-Japanese relations), such as China, Japan, Russia, and the United States, among which negotiations must be held. The next possible step in resolving this issue should probably be the unifi cation of the two Koreas, which has also been on the agenda for a long time in South Korean academic circles.
Resolving the Dokdo problem, of course, is very tangible, but recent North and South Korean rapprochement trends, and the US role in this rapprochement, give some hope that the issue will be resolved in favor of Korea in the future.
However, what will happen sooner is the unification of the two Koreas, or if the offi cial assignment of the Dokdo Islands to Korea is, still a controversial topic. However, at the 2018 conference, organized by the North East Asian Fund, researchers noted that the issue _ the Dokdo problem should be resolved through negotiations between four countries Japan, China, Russia and the United States.
The Dokdo problem goes beyond the territorial problem in terms of both Korean states, and it is linked to the issue of protecting Korean identity, which is the basis of national unity for Koreans. However, this issue is increasingly straining relations between the Northeast Asian states and the world’s superpowers. The United States sees a solution in a reasonable compromise.