Meskhetian househeld item Peshkhumi

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Tina Ivelashvili


In most region of Georgia (Samtskhe-Javakheti, Tao-Klarjeti, Shavsheti, Kola-Artaani, Adjara) the family breakfast, lunch and supper were served in ordinary round table, which is called now days like Peshkhumi.

It was made by one wooden peace, rarely it was made from one board which had two cross formed legs with 30 cm high.

The name Peshkhumi is used in the Christian churches valuable metal round dish having ritual meaning. In Georgian “Peshkhumi _ low round plate used during servicing together with cruet. On the Peshkhumi the sacrifice holy bread is situated. Peshkhumi symbolize the place where saint Maria invited the Christ after giving him a birth and also symbolize the cemetery of the Christ”.

According scientific view, round ritual plate called Peshkhumi connected to the astral being worship (The Sun and The Moon) period. As we think the round form of the sacral plate is connected to the character of the having bread together, it was symbolizing the local circle between parties which means the close relation and equality.

It is still un known how the origin is the Peshkumi comes, from household item or vice versa.

the Peshkumi round table breakfast lunch
Published: Jan 9, 2021

Article Details

Historiography, Ethnology