Conceptual Metaphors in Linguistics Discourse
Main Article Content
On the material of English the paper aims at identifying and investigating conceptual metaphors in linguistics discourse. Different versions of conceptual metaphor theory (Lakoff & Johnson,1980, 1993; Kovecses 2008, 2017; Reddy 1979) form the theoretical basis of the study. The empirical data embrace 11 textbooks in different branches of linguistics - historical linguistics, phonetics, lexicology, pragmatics, stylistics and sociolinguistics. The observations have shown that linguistics discourse is quite understudied from the standpoint of conceptual metaphor theory.
As a result of the study a number of conceptual metaphors, mainly of ontological and structural type, have been identified and examined. The following ontological metaphors have been attested in the data: Language is a Mirror; Language is a Container; Language is Female. The most frequently encountered structural metaphors are as follows: Language is a Code; Language is a Living Organism; Language has a Family; Language Relations are Family Relations.
The metaphors in question are employed with the purpose of describing language from different perspectives.