კლიმატური ცვლილება და მცენარეთა ადაპტაცია

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N. Goginashvili
N. Berdzenishvili

Abstract

One of the dangerous phenomena of the modernity is the global increase of the temperature. In the 20th century, the surface temperature of the Earth increased approximately by 0.6°C. The reason is the development of industrialization, which caused greenhouse effect by the rose of thermoactive gases, especially the concentration of CO2. The composition of CO2 has increased by 10% for the last 100 years. If we keep the same rate of petrol consumption, then, in 50-60 years, the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere will double and cause global climate change. The last will result in complex, global problems: desertification will increase, climate zones will change, due to the melting of glaciers ocean level will rise, which will result in flooding the countries close to the ocean, the movement of ecosystems and impoverishment of biodiversity will take place and photosynthetic activity will decline. It is obvious that thousands of plants will have to change the habitat. Currently, it is impossible to define how many plants will adapt to new conditions, and how many will die. It is necessary that the human understand the effects of the change of nature phenomena on living organisms

Keywords:
Climate Change Plant Adaptation
Published: Sep 19, 2020

Article Details

Section
Ecology of Landscape and Environmental Protection