Spiritual Culture of the Population of Khelvachauri Municipality

Authors

  • Tamila Lomtatidze Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University Niko Berdzenishvili Institute, Department of History and Archaeology

Keywords:

Intangible, Culture, Traditions, Magical-Religious Rituals, Religious Diversity

Abstract

Khelvachauri municipality is one of the distinctive regions with its culture and traditions. Here are found not only the elements of the ancient agricultural culture (agricultural tools, means of production, folk system of farming, etc.), but also the ancient folk agricultural calendar, many important elements of spiritual culture: beliefs, magical-religious rites. Which are closely related to the agrarian existence of the people.

Khelvachauri Municipality is characterized by the depth and diversity of ethnic traditions. Here the intangible cultural heritage is presented as a complex. It coexists with sects of different religions and eras, ranging from archaic times to modern-day innovations. The special vitality of the customs was that over the centuries, with the emergence of new habits, the traditions of previous eras were preserved.

Until the 16th century, Khelvachauri, as well as the whole of Adjara, was an economically and culturally advanced region of Georgia. It was an integral part of the united Georgian organism and, naturally, like the rest of Georgia, the local population stood for a strong Christian faith. Naturally, the planning of the economic year of the population living in this area, family and social life developed on the basis of this belief, but the three-century Ottoman rule (60s of the XVI century - 1878) left its mark on the mentality of the locals.

The vicissitudes of this history have led to the survival of three religions: preChristian, Christian and Muslim. Added to this is the fact that the population of the municipality is also characterized by ethnic diversity. Laz (Sarpi), Muhajir Abkhazians and their descendants and Greeks expelled from the Turks live here. All this led to the fact that the spiritual culture of the population of Khelvachauri was formed in a syncretic form.

Published

2021-04-20